the information about Leadership
1. What are three responsibilities the leader has?
2. What was used as money?
3. What did the tribe give for trading?
4. What did the tribe receive?
5. Why was trading important?
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Each Bay Miwok village had a leader. The leader was responsible for seeing that no one in the village went hungry or homeless. He was in charge of making decisions and acted as a judge and solved problems that occured . He decided when the time was right for villagers to leave their village to gather acorns and when to have feasts. The leader was known to take a leading part in war and participated in hunting and the making of tools like the rest of the men in the village.
The position of the leader was usually passed down from father to son. The leader's children had to marry someone from another village. This made sure that there would be relatives in many places so there wouldn't be any wars.
Trading took place
all over California, and items of trade passed along the different trade
Here is an example of shell bead value:
five strings of beads
Different areas of California had items that were valued all across the state. Traders traveled great distances to trade. Tribes that lived in the mountains had different natural resources than those that lived along the coast or in the valleys. Mountain tribes had excellent trees for making items out of wood, such as bows and arrows, and they had many different minerals and rocks. Valley tribes had large animal hides and many resources to make baskets. The coastal tribes had fish, shells and salt. So...each tribe had something that another tribe needed.
The Mt. Diablo area provided the Bay Miwok with many valued trading goods. The main trading partners of the Bay Miwok were probably the Ohlone and the Yokuts. They traded animal hides, baskets, bows and arrows, mortars and pestles for other things they needed like Ohlone mussels, abalone shells, salt, cinnabar, dried abalone, and olivella shells, and Yokut pine nuts and rabbitskin blankets. Obsidian rock from the northern mountains was especially wanted for arrowheads and knife blades. It was wanted by most California tribes and was the most valuable rock for trading.
The Bay Miwok men tatooed lines on their arms to measure their beads of money and wore the clamshell bead necklances around their necks to show their wealth. To show their respect for the dead, beads were thrown in graves. By doing so, this controlled the amount of money that was available at one time.
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